Our review of 2023 pays tribute to the architects, designers and innovators who died on this 12 months, together with Pritzker Structure Prize winner Balkrishna Doshi, Walkie Talkie architect Rafael Viñoly and trend pioneer Mary Quant.
Indian architect and educator Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi handed away on 24 January aged 95. Described by Architectural Digest India because the nation’s best architect, Doshi’s celebrated designs embody the Aranya Low Value Housing, the experimental Amdavad ni Gufa gallery and his personal studio in Gujarat.
He collaborated with each Louis Kahn and Le Corbusier throughout his six-decade-long profession, overseing the completion of among the latter’s pivotal initiatives in Chandigarh and Ahmedabad. Doshi additionally constructed the Ahmedabad College of Structure, a college he co-founded with US architect Bernard Kohn.
Because the founding father of Rafael Viñoly Architects, which has places of work within the US, UK, UAE and Argentina, Viñoly was additionally answerable for the Kimmel Heart for the Performing Arts in Philadelphia and the Tokyo Worldwide Discussion board.
He beforehand co-founded Estudio de Arquitectura Manteola-Petchersky-Sánchez Gómez-Santos-Solsona-Viñoly, which turned one of many largest structure corporations in South America.
British dressmaker Mary Quant, who popularised the mini skirt within the Sixties, died “peacefully at dwelling” on 13 April aged 93.
Quant didn’t invent the quick skirt, however she famously made it an era-defining trend silhouette after launching a set by her ready-to-wear vary, Ginger Group, in 1963.
She designed many extra mini skirts for the mass market throughout her decades-long profession and was additionally behind different enduring traits together with vibrant tights, skinny-rib sweaters, PVC raincoats and androgynous silhouettes.
The V&A museum mentioned: “It is unimaginable to overstate Quant’s contribution to trend.”
Canadian architect Raymond Moriyama, co-founder of Moriyama Teshima Architects, handed away on 1 September aged 93.
Moriyama was behind a few of Canada’s most iconic buildings, together with the Ontario Science Centre in Toronto, the Toronto Reference Library, Scarborough Civic Centre and the Canadian Struggle Museum.
He was awarded the RAIC Gold Medal from the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada in 1997 and obtained the Order of Canada in 2009.
He additionally performed a pivotal function within the institution of the RAIC Worldwide Prize, after making a present that facilitated the launch of the award in 2014.
Skyscraper pioneer Gene Kohn misplaced his battle with most cancers on 9 March, aged 92.
The American architect was one among three founders of main worldwide agency Kohn Pedersen Fox, often known as KPF, and was its authentic president and chairman.
The agency is answerable for six of the world’s 12 tallest towers, together with the 492-meter-high Shanghai World Monetary Heart and the 484-metre-high Worldwide Commerce Centre in Hong Kong.
Different important initiatives accomplished throughout his 45-year management embody Roppongi Hills in Tokyo, the Petersen Automotive Museum in Los Angeles and the World Financial institution in Washington DC.
Seven months after being awarded the prestigious Royal Academy Architecture Prize, French architect and social housing innovator Renée Gailhoustet handed away on the age of 93.
Gailhoustet designed quite a few housing blocks within the Paris suburbs together with the La Maladrerie residence block in Aubervilliers and the Le Liégat advanced in Ivry-sur-Seine, the place she lived up till her dying on 4 January.
“Renée Gailhoustet’s achievements attain far past what’s produced as social or reasonably priced housing wherever at this time,” mentioned architect Farshid Moussavi, chair of the 2022 Royal Academy Structure Awards jury.
Italian architect and designer Rodolfo Dordoni died on 1 August on the age of 69, following an extended sickness.
Dordoni was a vastly influential determine within the Italian furnishings business. He was artwork director for Minotti from 1998 up till his dying and beforehand held comparable roles at Artemide, Cappellini, Foscarini and FontanaArte.
Different manufacturers he collaborated with embody Cassina, Flos, Kettal, Molteni&C and Venini, and he was additionally co-founder of the architectural follow Dordoni Architetti.
One other extremely influential Italian determine, architect and designer Andrea Branzi handed away on 9 October aged 84.
Branzi was a founding father of avant-garde structure studio Archizoom Associati, a lead proponent of the Radical Design motion, which collaborated with Superstudio on the landmark Superarchitettura exhibition of 1966.
Described by architect and Triennale Milano president Stefano Boeri as “an enormous of radical pondering”, Branzi co-founded the Domus Academy post-graduate faculty of design in 1982.
American architect and gender-equality champion Beverly Willis died at dwelling in Connecticut on October 1, aged 95.
Willis was one of many founders of the National Building Museum in Washington DC.
Together with her California studio Willis and Associates, she designed the San Francisco Ballet Constructing, the primary purpose-built ballet faculty within the US, and the Union Avenue Outlets undertaking, an influential instance of adaptive reuse.
As one among few outstanding girls in her discipline within the mid-century, she was additionally a vocal proponent of feminine expertise. She established the Beverly Willis Structure Basis in 2002 to advertise extra alternatives for ladies.
Michael Squire, the charismatic founding father of British structure agency Squire & Partners, died unexpectedly on 4 Could following a brief sickness. He was 77.
Squire based the London-based agency beforehand often known as Michael Squire Associates in 1976. His best-known buildings embody Chelsea Barracks, One Tower Bridge and Southbank Place.
He retired in 2006, leaving the studio within the fingers of his son Henry and fellow companions Tim Gledstone and Murray Levinson, however continued to play a key function, spearheading the follow’s transformation of a former division retailer in Brixton. The constructing serves because the studio’s headquarters and likewise supports local businesses and communities.
British architect Michael Wilford, a key participant within the UK’s postmodern motion, handed away on 10 March aged 84.
Wilford is finest recognized for the colorful postmodern buildings he created along with James Stirling, beneath the banner of the Stirling/Wilford Partnership. These embody No 1 Poultry and Tate Liverpool.
After Stirling’s dying, he went on to design the State Music College in Stuttgart, which was awarded the Stirling Prize in 1997, and the British Embassy in Berlin.
Wilford was awarded a Commander of the British Empire (CBE) in 2001.
American architect Invoice Hellmuth, chairman and CEO of structure agency HOK, was one other of this 12 months’s losses. He died on 6 April aged 69, following an extended battle with mind most cancers.
Hellmuth was the nephew of George Hellmuth, who based HOK with companions George Kassabaum and Gyo Obata. He joined the agency in 1991 on the urging of Obata, who turn into a mentor to him.
Described as “a rare architect and chief”, Hellmuth was made president of the agency and design principal for the studio’s Washington DC workplace in 2005, earlier than being made chairman and CEO a 12 months later.
His notable designs embody the Abu Dhabi Nationwide Oil Firm Headquarters within the UAE, the King Abdullah Petroleum Research and Analysis Heart in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and the Steven F Udvar-Hazy Heart in Virginia, USA.
Nelda Rodger, who was co-founder and editorial director of structure and design journal Azure, died on 4 January aged 70 after an extended sickness.
Rodger based the award-winning Azure in 1985 together with her companion, Sergio Sgaramella, and later launched its annual AZ Awards. Underneath her management, Azure was named journal of the 12 months by the Canadian Nationwide Journal Awards in 2000.
Rodger and Sgaramella later remodeled Azure Journal into Azure Media, which publishes the print magazines Azure and Designlines.